Wright-Pascoe, Rosemarie A.; Roye-Green, Karen J.; Bodonaik, Nabin C.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Medicine
The medical management of diabetes mellitus with particular reference to the lower extremity: The Jamaican experience
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
Predisposing factors for the diabetic foot include peripheral neuropathy, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), hyperglycaemia and increased duration of diabetes. From the records of patients admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies with the diabetic foot, we reviewed the results of the microbiology of wound swabs from diabetic foot ulcers. We noted the high prevalence of PVD (66.6%), peripheral neuropathy (50%), hyperglycaemia (75.6%) and increased duration of diabetes (17.5 years). A history of past foot ulcers was common and 87.2% had polymicrobial infection. The commonest organisms were gram positive organisms which were usually sensitive to the 2 antibiotic regimes that were commonly used. Euglycaemia, a favourable lipid profile, control of blood pressure, yearly foot examination and institution of measures to prevent foot trauma are important in the prevention of foot ulceration.....