Williams-Johnson, J. ; Wilks, Rainford J. ; McDonald, Archibald H.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Falls: A Modifiable Risk Factor for the Occurrence of Hip Fractures in the Elderly
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
The objective of the study was to examine the clinical and demographic features of patients with hip fractures presenting to the Accident and Emergency Unit, the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI). The study involved all patients with hip fractures registered in the Trauma Registry at the UHWI between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2001. They were assessed retrospectively for age, gender, associated extrinsic and intrinsic factors, cause of the fall, location when fracture occurred and the site of the femur that was fractured. One hundred and fifty-two persons were identified.There were one hundred and eleven women and forty-one men. Seventy-eight per cent of the falls occurred in the over sixty-five-year age group. Ninety per cent of the patients had a fall associated with their fracture. Most of the falls occurred at the patients' homes. This study indicated that falling at home was the commonest associated factor for the occurrence of hip fractures and preventive measures may lead to reductions in the frequency of hip fractures seen in the emergency room.....