Bryan, Patrick E.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Hiatory and Archaeology
Proletarian movements (1940-1990)
Brereton, Bridget; Martinez-Vergne, Teresita; Romer, Rene A.; Silvestrini, Blanca G.
General history of the Caribbean
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Sketches the historical development of proletarian movements, especially trade unions in the Caribbean. Describes how modern Caribbean movement emerged out of the upheavals of the 1930's in the region and how pro-democratization conditions during World War 11 favoured the development of viable trade unions with an international focus throughout the Caribbean. Further outlines how since the 1940s trade unions fluctuated in growth, and were influenced by different ideologies in the course of time. Author shows how World War II also stimulated nationalism, resulting in alliances between trade unions and middle class nationalist political parties and discusses the effects of the cold war and anticommunism since 1947, which, along with postwar prosperity, limited revolutionary labour directions. Also the economic 'developmentalist' approach since the late 1950s in some countries subdued trade unions' influence in order to attract foreign investment. Further, the author relates how more stringent policies against trade unions as economic prosperity declined since the 1970s, decreased alliances between trade unions and political parties. Attention is paid to specific national contexts including how certain authoritarian regimes, such as in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, repressed labour activities, while in some countries, like Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana, ethnicity caused divisions in the labour movement.....