Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Language , Linguistics and Philosophy
Culture and agency in Yoruba (African) metaphysics: Implications for cultural retention and transmission in Africa and in the Diaspora
Journal of philosophy and logic
Date of Publication
The questions to be posed and to which answers are to be attempted in this paper are: Given in the fact that human beings are cultural entities, does it mean that individual agents can be absolved of moral responsibility? Similarly, does it mean that human agents are crushed under cultural norms, to the extent that they lose their autonomy and individuality? In other words, are cultural impediments excuses for moral culpability? These questions become relevant on two levels - on a general philosophical (metaphysical) level which conceives of a conflict between determinism and freedom, and on a cultural level with a tradition which seems to have a deterministic ontology (African conceptual scheme is an example of this). Western philosophy is replete with examples of bi-polar concepts of which the meanings and interpretations are antithetical to one another. The suggestion in this paper is that there should be a conscious effort at rediscovering virtues that were prevalent in traditional societies in Africa and, in the spirit of a renaissance, make use of them to transform relationships among human beings and non-human beings in contemporary African societies and Africa in the Diaspora.....