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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Baker, Peta-Anne
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Author Affiliation
Department of Sociology, Psychology and Social Work
Paper/Section Title
Roles of the state and organizations of the poor in creating social welfare
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Proceedings Title
Conference on Gender, Race, Class, Social Policy and Social Administration in the Caribbean
Date of Meeting
June 25, 2004
Place of Meeting
UWI, Mona
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Abstract
Notes that no discussion of social welfare and development can proceed without considering the character and functions of the state. Indeed a concern of many Caribbean academics and policy makers is the relative weakness of the state and the limitations on its ability to pursue holistic development policies. Many analyses of the history of social welfare provisioning in the industrial and developing countries reveal another significant actor. Organizations of the poor and disadvantaged, notably trade unions, but also other social movements and organizations have been influential in shaping social policy in the Caribbean. This paper undertakes a brief review of the major development paradigms pursued in the past four decades, paying particular attention to the role of the state and of social movements and organizations, especially organizations of the poor. It examines the current emphasis on public and community participation in policy formulation and implementation as exemplified by the Jamaica Social Policy Evaluation Project and the Code on Consultation. Argues that notwithstanding the attention given to community participation and consultation the social welfare creation process in the Caribbean is essentially state dominated. Explores the question of whether and how it could be otherwise.....
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