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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
Author, Analytic
Barker, David; McGregor, Duncan; Campbell, Donovan
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Paper/Section Title
Environmental change and Caribbean food security: recent hazard impacts and domestic food production in Jamaica.
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Proceedings Title
Annual Conference of the Royal Geographical Society/Institute of British Geographers
Date of Meeting
August, 2008.
Place of Meeting
Kings College, University of London.
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Date of Publication
2008
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Abstract
It is now almost universally accepted that global warming is taking place (IPCC 2007; Gamble, chapter 2). It is also generally accepted that the net effects of global warming on agriculture, through a combination of global temperature increases, regional variations in rainfall and global increases in CO levels, will be negative on developing areas as a whole (for example, see Reilly 1996; Reilly and Graham 2000; Adger et al. 2003; Parry et al. 2004). The effects of global warming on Caribbean agriculture were postulated (for example, McGregor 1995; Watts 1995; McGregor and Potter 1997) against a background of structural weaknesses in the profile of Caribbean agriculture (Barker 1993). There are two effects to be considered; first, the effects across the Caribbean Basin of more gradual changes in environmental parameters such as temperature and rainfall. Second, there is the more obvious effect of the damage caused in specific locations by single high-magnitude events such as hurricanes. This chapter examines the implications for food security, defined here specifically as the viability of agricultural production systems. A case study of a distinctive marginal farming system in rural Jamaica (southern St Elizabeth) is considered in terms of the effects of recent, but cumulative, environmental changes upon it. The focus is on agricultural marginalization within a complex of regional physical and local societal forces.....
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