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Publication Type
Conference Proceedings
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Barned, Claudia; Lipps, Garth
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Paper/Section Title
Development and validation of the attitudes towards fluffy women measure
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Proceedings Title
23rd Nursing and Midwifery Research Conference
Date of Meeting
May 30, 2013
Place of Meeting
University of the West Indies, Mona
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Extent of Work
15 slides
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Abstract
Objective: There is an absence of research on the newly evolved term “Fluffy” which describes body image and personality features among women. Research on this topic among Caribbean peoples has been limited by the lack of valid and reliable measures of the concept “Fluffiness”. The aim is to explore the internal consistency reliability and concurrent and discriminant validity of the Attitudes towards Fluffy Women scale (ATFW). Methods: Past or present students from The University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona and the University of Technology (UTECH), Jamaica were recruited for the study. Through the use of convenience sampling, a total of 80 students (38 males, 47.5%; 42 females, 52.5%) participated in the study. The Attitudes towards Obese Persons Scale and the Bogardus Social Distance Scale were used as concurrent and discriminant measures in developing the Attitudes towards Fluffy Women scale. Results: The 20 item ATFW scale consists of 5 underlying dimensions: stereotypical attitudes about fluffy women, stigmatizing attitudes towards fluffy women, attractiveness attitudes, lifestyle attitudes and personality attitudes. Overall, the ATFW was found to have an acceptable degree of internal consistency reliability (a = 0.90). The scale also had reasonably good concurrent validity as evidenced by moderate correlations with scores on the Attitudes Towards Obese Persons Scale (r=-0.42) and acceptable discriminant validity as demonstrated through low correlations with the Bogardus Social Distance Scale (r=0.29). This pattern of scores suggests that the majority of the stable variance underlying the ATFW assesses the ‘Fluffy’ concept (17.6%) while a smaller degree of the variability (8%) measures a conceptually similar but distinct concept. Conclusion: The Attitudes towards Fluffy Women scale was found to be a reliable and valid scale for assessing the attitudes of young adults toward fluffy women....
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