Haughton, Andre Y.; KnIfe, K'adamawe A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Social Entrepreneurship reducing crime and improving the perception of police performance within developing countries
International Journal of Entrepreneurship
Date of Publication
Several strategies have been attempted in resolving the escalating crime problem in developing countries. The traditional 'Use of Force' approach has been found ineffective while the newer approach of improving 'Citizen's Security' is questioned as to its sustainability. This research uses a mixed methodology approach of regression analysis and focus group sessions, to examine the factors that impact the stakeholder's perception of police performance within developing countries. The police are considered to be a key stakeholder, yet is the least trusted. Data is retrieved from a Community Policing Survey amongst a total of 3000 adults island-wide (Jamaica), using a nationally representative sample. The results show that interaction with citizens, ability to control crime; trust, confidence and fear are significant in explaining the perception of police performance. These elements are also critical in bolstering and sustaining social inclusive partnerships and strategies. The discussion reveals that Social entrepreneurship and social enterprises is one of the most appropriate vehicles to build and deliver sustainable social inclusive strategies; while improving the perception of performance of all stakeholders, including the police. The paper contributes to the scholarship on Social Entrepreneurship and Community Safety and Security as these are interconnecting if the objective is to be achieved and sustained. It provides useful insights for the police force, policy makers, international funding agencies, NGOs and community groups and members.....