Francis, Sheena M; Laurieri, Nicola; Nwokocha, Chukwuemeka; Delgoda, Thejani
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Treatment of Rats with Apocynin Has Considerable Inhibitory Effects on Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase Activity in the Liver
Date of Publication
May 31 2016
doi: 10.1038/srep26906. PMID: 27242013
The effect of apocynin on the activity of arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) in excised liver samples was examined using eighteen Sprague-Dawley rats. Three groups of six animals each were fed a normal diet alone or a treatment of 50 or 100?mg/kg/day of apocynin via gavages for eight (8) weeks. Chronic in vivo administration of apocynin led to significant (p?0.001) reduction of in vitro liver NAT activity up to 93% as compared with untreated rats (18.80?±?2.10?µmols p-anisidine/min/µg liver protein). In vitro exposure of untreated liver homogenates to apocynin led to a dose-dependent inhibition of NAT activity with IC50?=?0.69?±?0.02?mM. In silico modelling of apocynin tautomers and radical species into human NAT crystal structures supported the hypothesis that thiol functionalities in NAT enzymes may be crucial in apocynin binding. The involvement of human NAT enzymes in different pathological conditions, such as cancer, has encouraged the research for selective NAT inhibitors in both humans and animal models with possible chemopreventive properties.....