Meeks Gardner, Julie ; Grantham-McGregor, Sally M.; Chang, Susan M.; Himes, John H.; Powell, Christine A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Metabolism Research Unit
Activity and behavioral development in stunted and nonstunted children and response to nutritional supplementation
Date of Publication
Undernutrition in young children leads to poor development through reduced activity. Looks at 3 groups of 26 1-year-old stunted children using three variables : nutritional supplementation, supplementation with psychosocial stimulation, and controls and 26 nonstunted comparison children. Activity levels were measured by extensive observation in the homes, and development using 4 subscales of the Griffith's Mental Development Scales. Initially, stunted children were less active than nonstunted ones (p < .01), but after 6 months they caught up regardless of treatment. The mental ages of the stunted children were lower than those of the nonstunted children initially, and improved with either treatment. Initially, activity levels made a significant contribution to the variance in the locomotor subscale only, but not 6 months later. Activity did not predict change in development over 6 or 12 months, nor did change in activity over 6 months predict change in development over 12 months....