Walker, Susan P.; Grantham-McGregor, Sally M.; Himes, John H.; Williams, Sonia; Duff, Edith M.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Metabolism Research Unit
School performance in adolescent Jamaican girls: Associations with health, social and behavioural characteristics, and risk factors for dropout
Journal of Adolescence
Date of Publication
Health, nutrition and behavioural determinants of school achievement, attendance and dropout were examined in 452 girls aged 13-14 years, randomly selected from grade 8 in nine schools in inner-city Kingston, Jamaica. Girls who were anaemic, sexually active or aggressive had worse achievement levels. Better achievement levels were associated with possession of school materials and access to reading material outside of school. Poor attendance, early sexual activity, and not living with both parents predicted school dropout in the subsequent year. Strategies to reduce anaemia, to improve sex education and reduce the levels of aggression may benefit school performance....