Homi, John; Homi Levee, Lisa; Higgs, Douglas R.; Thomas, Peter W.; Serjeant, Graham R.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Medical Research Council Laboratories (Sickle Cell)
Pulse oximetry in cohort study of sickle cell disease.
Clinical and Laboratory Haematology
Date of Publication
Determines oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry in a representative sample of Jamaican patients with steady-state sickle cell disease in a cohort study from birth. There were 220 with homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease and 142 with sickle cell- haemoglobin C (SC) disease aged 9-18 years, and 122 with a normal haemoglobin (AA) genotype aged 15-18 years. Pulse oximetry (SpO2) values were lower in SS disease (mean [95 percent confidence interval], 92.5 [92.0-93.0]) than in SC disease (96.7 [96.9-96.9]) or AA controls (97.1 [96.8-97.3]). Inhalation of 100 percent oxygen in SS patients with O2 saturations below 90 percent consistently increased saturation to 99-100 percent. In SS disease, SpO2 correlated positively with haemoglobin and fetal haemoglobin and negatively with reticulocyte counts but not with MCHC, MCV or bilrubin level. Mean SpO2 in SS subjects with a normal alpha globin gene complement (mean [SD], 91.7 [3.9] percent) was lower than in heterozygotes (93.4 [4.0] percent) or homozygotes (96.1 [3.0] percent) for à+ thalassaemia, the effects of -thalassaemia not being explained by differences in haemoglobin or MCHC. In SS disease, SpO2 levels were not associated with age (within this age range), sex, number of sick clinic visits or number of hospital admissions. Higher SpO2 levels were associated with greater height and weight, more frequent painful crises and less frequent acute chest syndrome, but these associations were not significant after adjustment for haemoglobin level. Desaturation is common in steady-state SS disease and knowledge of the individual's steady-state value may be important in the interpreting low values during acute complications.....