Stephenson, Derrick; Gardner, Julie M.; Walker, Susan P.; Ashworth, Ann
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Metabolism Research Unit
Weaning-food viscosity and energy density: Their effects on ad libitum consumption and energy intakes in Jamaican children
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Date of Publication
Determines the effects of weaning-food viscosity and energy density on consumption and energy intake in 15 non-breast-fed Jamaican children aged 7-15 months under standardized conditions. Tested whether feeding thick, energy intakes and whether amylase treatment to reduce viscosity offered any advantage. When a traditional liquid, low-density porridge (2.15 kJ/g) was fed, the mean (˝SD) daily consumption was 139 ˝ 25 g/kg and the mean daily energy intake was 296 ˝ 54 kJ/kg. When a semisolid high-density porridge (4.09 kJ/g) was fed, consumption was significantly lower (98 ˝ 21g/kg) but the daily energy intake was significantly higher - 402 ˝ 85 kJ/KG (P 0.001). Amylase treatment of the thick energy-dense porridge did not increase intakes further. Meal duration for the thick porridge (12.9 ˝ 4.0 min) was significantly longer than that for the low-density (7.4 ˝ 2.6 min) or amylase-treated (6.4 ˝ 1.8 min) porridges.....