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Publication Type
Journal Article
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Chandler, Ann M. K.; Walker, Susan P.; Connolly, Kevin J.; Grantham McGregor, Sally M.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Metabolism Research Unit
Article Title
School breakfast improves verbal fluency in undernourished Jamaican children.
Medium Designator
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Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
Journal of Nutrition
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
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Date of Publication
1995.
Volume ID
125
Issue ID
4
Page(s)
894-900
Language
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Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
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ISSN
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Notes
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Abstract
Examines the short-term effects of breakfast on children's cognitive functions were examined. The subjects were 97 undernourished (weight-for-age or -1 SD) children in four primary schools in rural Jamaica. The children were randomly assigned to a group provided with breakfast or a group given a quarter of an orange as a placebo, and the given a battery of four cognitive function tests. After a few weeks the treatments were reversed and the tests repeated. Undernourished children's performance improved significantly on a test of verbal fluency when they received breakfast, whereas that of the adequately nourished children did not change (breakfast x group interaction, P 0.05). They were no other effects of breakfast on test scores. The findings extend those of a previous Jamaican study conducted under more controlled conditions, and support the targeting of school meals to undernourished children....
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Keywords
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