Meeks Gardner, Julie ; Stephenson, Derrick; Walker, Susan P.; Ashworth, Ann
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Metabolism Research Unit
Is viscosity reduction of energy-dense weaning foods necessary in developing countries?
Date of Publication
Considers whether weaning foods are of low energy density. Examines ad lib intakes of 3 porridges: thin, low energy density; semi-solid, high energy density; and amylases-treated low viscosity, high energy density. The study was conducted under controlled conditions on a metabolic ward found that 15 children aged 7-15 months, recovered from malnutrition, received each porridge in a randomised sequence for 4 consecutive days 4 times daily. The quantity of thin porridge consumed was significantly greater than that of the semi-solid or amylase-treated porridges (p 0.001), but the energy intake was significantly lower (p 0.001). The energy intakes of both high energy density porridges were similar and matched recommended intakes. Therefore viscosity reduction of a semi-solid porridge offered no advantage in energy intake.....