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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Dixon, D.,; Sadler-McKnight, N.; Dasgupta, Tara, P
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Chemistry; Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences
Article Title
Mechanism of the oxidation of DL-penicillamine and glutathione by chromium (VI) in aqueous solution
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Journal Title
Journal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions
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Reprint Status
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Date of Publication
1995
Volume ID
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Issue ID
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Page(s)
2267-2271
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Notes
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Abstract
The kinetics of the oxidation of DL-penicillamine (3-sulfanyl-D-valine) and glutathione (g-glutamycystein-ylgycine) by potassium chromate has been studied at pH 7 under pseudo-first-order conditions of an excess of thiol; at l=0.50 mol dm-3 (NaClO4). the glutathione reaction is biphasic, while for penicillamine it is monophasic. The first stage of the oxidation of glutathione obeys the simple expression (i). the second stage of the same reaction is slower than the first by a factor of 104 and Kobs=k1[RSH] + K-1 (i) obeys the rate expression (ii). The biphastic nature is consistent with the formation and decay of a (k1k2[RSH]2 + k1k3[RSH]) Rate= ___________________________ [Crvi]r (k-1 + k3 + k2[RSH]) (ii) chromate-glutathione adduct. Parameter k1/k-1 at 25.3C has been determined as 184 4 dm3 mol-1. The second-order rate constant, k2, for the decomposition of the intermediate is (1.07 0.04) x 10-2 dm3 mol-1 s-1. The activation parameters were calculated as DH = 90 7 kJ mol-1 and DS = 63 29 J K-1 mol-1. The oxidation of DL-penicillamine shows simple first order kinetics with respect to [DL-penicillamine], and may also be represented by expression (ii). The second-order rate constant, k1, obtained at 25.2C for the formation of a chromate-penicillamine intermediate is 0.23 0.01 dm3 mol-1 s-1. The corresponding activation parameters are DH = 72 7 kJ mol-1 and DS = -18 28 J K-1 mol-1. A common mechanism which is compatible with the kinetics of both reactions is proposed....
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