Figueroa, J. Peter; Morris, Joanne S.; Brathwaite, Alfred R.; Ward, Elizabeth; Peruga, Armando; Hayes, Richard J.; Vermund, S. H.; Blattner, William A
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Community Health and Psychiatry; Medicine
Risk factors for HTLV-I among heterosexual STD clinic attenders.
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology
Date of Publication
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) status was assessed in 994 patients attending a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Kingston, Jamaica, between November 1990 and January 1991 for a new STD complaint. Of 515 heterosexual men, 36 (7.0 percent) were HTLV-I seropositive, as were 38 (7.9 percent) of 479 women. HTLV-I seroprevalence increased with age in women. A history of blood transfusion was associated with HTLV-I in both sexes, significantly so in men [odds ratio (OR) 4.7, confidence interval (CI) 1.1-17 for men; OR 1.9, CI 0.6-5.0 for women]....