Kramer, Alexander; Maloney, Elizabeth M.; Morgan, Owen St. C.; Rodgers Johnson, Pamela E. B.; Manns, Angela; Murphy, Edward L.; Larsen, Sandra A.; Cranston, Beverley; Murphy, Jacquelyn J.; Benichou, Jacques; Blattner, William A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Risk factors and cofactors for human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) - associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) in Jamaica
American Journal of Epidemiology
Date of Publication
Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) has been etiologically associated with a neurologic syndrome called HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) as well as with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. The authors sought to quantify the risk in Jamaica of HAM/TSP associated with HTLV-1 infection and cofactors associated with this disease among infected individuals. The findings support the hypothesis that HAM/TSP is associated with sexually acquired HTLV-1 infection, whereas adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is not....