Scarlett, Marinna D.; Mitchell, V.T.; Amata, A.O.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Trauma admissions to the ICU of the University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica
The Trauma Care Journal
Date of Publication
We restrospectively reviewed all trauma admissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, over a 5- year period (10/95-09/00). During the study period, 161 trauma patients were admitted to ICU, representing 12% of total ICU admissions. The male : female ratio of ICU trauma cases was 4:1 compared with 1:1 for the total ICU admissions. Most ICU trauma admissions were emergiencies (38%) and usually came via the operating room/ post-anaesthesia care unit (67.3%) and Accident and Emergency Department (16.4%). Main causes of trauma were road traffic crashes (45%), gunshots (27.3%), and stabbings (10.5%). The mean patient age was 35 years. The duration of ICU stay was 6.3 +/- 8.4 days. Survivors tended to have a longer stay than nonsurvivors. The mortality rate was 26.4%. ....