Douglas, Lawson L.; Cadogan, C. A.; Rattray, Carole A.; Barton, Everard N.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
The mid-forearm arteriovenous fistula as vascular access for haemodialysis
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
Successful chronic haemodialysis requires permanent vascular access. The Scribner procedure which utilizes an external arteriovenous shunt, the internal synthetic arteriovenous shunt and the direct arteriovenous fistula as described by Cimino and Brescia have all been used for haemodialysis. Of the three methods, the arteriovenous fistula is the most trouble-free and durable. However, as originally described and constructed in the distal forearm, the morbidity associated with this method is significant. The cubital fossa fistula has even more problems. The mid-forearm fistula was designed by the authors and has been used for chronic haemodialysis over the past eighteen years. This article compares the various methods of access used in the haemodialysis units of the University Hospital of the West Indies and the Kingston Regional Hospital. The mid-forearm fistula was found to have the lowest initial failure rate and was associated with fewer complications than any of the other methods used for access.....