Pinnock, Milton A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Community Health and Psychiatry
Solid waste: Its implication for health
Thomas-Hope, Elizabeth M.
Solid waste management: Critical issues for Developing Countries
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Inadequate solid waste management practices are a threat to public health and the environment. Crude tipping and other undesirable practices pollute air, water and land, fostering the proliferation of disease-carrying vectors that directly or indirectly may have an adverse effect on public health, sanitation personnel, and those who scavenge the refuse to salvage saleable or other materials considered to be of some use. It is critically important, in addressing all the possible solutions to solid waste disposal problems, to be aware of the impact of the solid, liquid and gas phases of solid waste in order to minimize their adverse effects on the human environment and to protect the health of the community. Solid waste management presents specific problems in each country, region, and even locality. Population density, local tradition, the stage of development and the economic structure, together with such environmental factors as climate, availability of natural resources and topography are some of the contributing factors to the problem. All of these must be thoroughly considered as we attempt to grapple with the issue of solid waste management in Jamaica. There is an urgent need to develop a well balanced approach compatible with the conservation of resources, ecology, health and economic policies. The existence of solid waste presents certain implications for the health of a society. The possibilities are directed by factors such as the type and nature of the waste and how the waste is managed during handling, storage and disposal. Its pathway in the environment, for example, is another important factor affecting management, according to whether or not the waste is biodegradeable, persistent or magnifiable.....