Wynter-Adams, D. M.; Simon, Oswald R.; Gossell-Williams, Maxine D.; West, Manley E.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Basic Medical Sciences
Isolation of a muscarinic alkaloid with ocular hypotensive action from Trophis racemosa
Date of Publication
A muscarinic alkaloid with a quaternary nitrogen was isolated from Trophis racemosa. Aqueous solutions (0.5%-2%) of the chloride salt of the alkaloid produced dose-dependent reductions of intra-ocular pressure ranging from 6.6 +/- 0.7 mmHg to 15.7 +/- 0.3 mmHg, (p < 0. 001, n = 5) in dogs. Atropine (0.1 mL of a 1% solution) and pirenzepine at a non selective antagonist dose (0.1 mL of 0.5% solution) for M(1) and M(3) receptors blocked the reduction of intra-ocular pressure, but alpha-adrenoceptor blockade with phenoxybenzamine (0.1 mL of a 1% solution) did not block the reduction of intra-ocular pressure. On the isolated guinea-pig ileum and trachea, the alkaloid produced contractions which were inhibited by atropine (6 x 10(-7) M or 0.4 microg/mL) and by pirenzepine at a non-selective antagonist dose (3.1 x 10(-6) M or 1.3 microg/mL) for M(1) and M(3) receptors. But neither selective blockade of M(2) receptors with gallamine (1.7 x 10(-6) M or 1.5 microg/mL) nor selective blockade of M(1) receptors with pirenzepine (7 x 10(-9) M or 3 ng/mL) inhibited the alkaloid-induced contractions. There was also no inhibition of the alkaloid-induced contractions in the presence of ganglionic nicotinic receptor blockade with pentolinium (5.6 x 10(-7) M or 0.3 microg/mL) and hexamethonium (1.7 x 10(-6) M or 0.6 microg/mL), but nicotine-induced contractions were inhibited by these ganglionic blockers. These results suggest that a muscarinic alkaloid from Trophis racemosa produced ocular hypotension via M(3) receptor stimulation in dogs.....