Bisgard, K.M.; Christie, Celia D.; Reising, S. F.; Sanden, G.N.; Cassiday, P.K.; Gomersall, C.; Wattigney, W.A.; Roberts, N.E.; Strebel, P.M.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Child Health
Molecular epidemiology of Bordetella pertussis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile: Cincinnati, 1989-1996
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Date of Publication
Reported cases of pertussis have increased in the United States, with peaks occurring every few years. Bordetella pertussis isolates collected in Cincinnati from 1989 to 1996 were analyzed with pulsed- field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), to evaluate trends. Among 496 isolates, 30 PFGE profiles were identified; 32% were CYXXI-010, the profile that predominated each year. Eighteen profiles (198 strains) were identified in 1989-1992, 20 profiles (197 strains) were identified during the 1993 epidemic, and 11 profiles (101 strains) were identified in 1994-1996. From 1989 to 1996, among 42 patients, isolates from household members in 17 (89%) of 19 households had concordant PFGE profiles. There was no association between PFGE profile and seasonality, age, and hospitalization or pneumonia in infants <1 year old. The 1993 epidemic was associated primarily with an increased prevalence of PFGE profiles that circulated before and after 1993, which suggests that the epidemic was due to factors other than the emergence of a novel B. pertussis strain.....