Bennett, Franklyn I. ; Walker, Susan P. ; Gaskin, Pamela S.; Powell,Christine A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Metabolism Research Institute
Fasting levels of serum glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride at age eleven to twelve years in stunted and non-stunted Jamaican children
Date of Publication
To determine whether fasting serum concentrations of glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride at age 11-12 year olds differed between children stunted in early childhood and those who were: never stunted ; were related to birthweight or current anthropometry; and, were related to stunting after controlling for current size. Anthropometry, serum glucose and lipid concentrations were measured in 112 children stunted in early childhood and 181 non-stunted children.Children who were stunted in infancy remained shorter, weighed less and were significantly less fat than non-stunted children but had a more central distribution of fat. They were also less likely to have entered puberty. Non-stunted children had higher fasting serum triglyceride concentrations than stunted children (p < 0.05). There were no significant correlations between birthweight and fasting glucose or any measure of serum lipids. The percentage of variance in biochemical measures explained by anthropometry was low: between 2.1 for HDL cholesterol and 14.6 for triglyceride. Nutritional status in early childhood (stunted or non-stunted) made no additional contribution to the variance. Linear growth retardation in early childhood was not independently related to fasting serum concentrations of glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride at age 11-12 y. However, despite being thinner, stunted children had a more central distribution of fat.....