Mitchell,Sylvia A.; Ahmad, Mohammed H.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Morphological changes of Dioscorea trifida short neck Yampie and D cayenensis round leaf yellow yam linked to the number and size of harverted tubers
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology
Date of Publication
Successful use of tissue culture to propogate Dioscorea spp. depends on maximizing subsequent growth in vivo. Describes the growth of in vitro plantlets of the Jamaican yams D. trifida L. cv. Short Neck Yampie (SNY) and D. cayenensis Lam. cv. Round Leaf Yellow Yam (RLYY) after transfer to in vivo conditions, from day zero (day of transfer) to harvest of the first generation tubers at 314 d, and sprouting of these tubers. As the SNY and RLYY plants grew in vitro, abrupt changes occurred in the type of shoot (changed from type I to II) and underground organ (from primary nodal complex to tuber), and in the rates of stem and root growth. Gradual changes occurred in the number of roots. The first observable morphological feature of the SNY and RLYY plants to change was the shoot tip. This changed from a lateral position at the node at the base of a terminal leaf (lateral tip), to the shoot apex (apical tip). It is suggested that the change in shoot tip position and associated features mark the transition from a juvenile phase to an adult vegetative phase. The shoot tip position changed earlier on plantlets that had the greater number of roots at day zero (RLYY), and earlier from heavier first generation tubers (SNY). A decrease in the length of the juvenile phase of micropropagated RLYY plants by 14 d resulted in a heavier tuber yield but did not affect tuber numbers. The significance of these results on the propagation of Dioscorea is discussed.....