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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Badaloo, Asha V.; Boyne, Michael S.; Reid, Marvin E.; Persaud, Chandarika ; Forrester, Terrence E.; Millward, D. J.; Jackson, Alan A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Medicine Research Institute
Article Title
Dietary protein, growth and urea kinetics in severely malnourished children and during recovery
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Journal Title
Journal of Nutrition
Translated Title
n/a
Reprint Status
Refereed
Date of Publication
1999
Volume ID
129
Issue ID
5
Page(s)
969-79
Language
eng
Connective Phrase
n/a
Location/URL
n/a
ISSN
0022-3166
Notes
n/a
Abstract
The case mortality for severe malnutrition in childhood remains high, but established best approaches to treatment are not used in practice. The energy and protein content of the diet at different stages of treatment appears important, but remains controversial. The effect on growth, urea kinetics and the urinary excretion of 5-L-oxoproline was compared between a standard infant formula (HP group) provided in different quantities at each stage of treatment and a recommended dietary regimen, which differentiates the requirements of protein and energy during the acute phase of resuscitation (maintenance intake of energy and protein, relatively low protein to energy ratio, LP group) from those during the restoration of a weight deficit (energy and nutrient dense). The energy required to maintain weight was less in the HP than the LP group, but the HP group was not able to achieve as high an energy intake during repletion of wasting because of the high volume which would have had to be consumed. Compared to the LP group, in the HP group during catch-up growth there was significantly greater deposition of lean tissue and higher rates of urea production, hydrolysis and salvage of urea-nitrogen. These, together with higher rates of 5-L-oxoprolinuria, suggest a greater constraint of the formation of adequate amounts of nonessential amino acids, especially glycine, in the face of enhanced demands. Although more effective rehabilitation might be achieved using a standard formula, there is the need to determine the extent to which it might impose metabolic stress compared with the modified formulation.....
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