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Publication Type
Journal Article
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Wolf, Klaus W; Reid, Walton
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Electron Microscopy Unit
Article Title
The architecture of an anterior appendage in the eggs of the assassin bug, Zelus longipes
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
Arthropod Structure and Development
Translated Title
n/a
Reprint Status
Refereed
Date of Publication
2000
Volume ID
29
Issue ID
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Page(s)
333-41
Language
n/a
Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
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ISSN
n/a
Notes
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Abstract
The eggshell of Zelus longipes, a Hemiptera species of the family Reduviidae (assassin bugs), has been studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The emphasis was on the architecture of an anterior appendage connected to the main eggshell of both ovarian and deposited eggs. The analysis of eggs fractured at various angles and levels reveals a relatively complex organization of this appendage. There is a cylindrical outer layer, the veil, of roughly the same diameter as, and continuous with, the main eggshell. At its anterior pole, the veil folds inwards and forms an hourglass-shaped tube that is attached through slender extensions to a curved plate oriented at right angles to the long axis of the egg and spanning the internal diameter of the veil. The plate is solid at the center, shows honeycomb-shaped perforations in its mid-section and contains a very delicate meshwork along its circumference. Underneath the plate lies a hollow cylinder oriented at right angles to the long axis of the egg and attached to the anterior plate of the egg, the operculum. The outer openings of aeropyles lie at the inner face of the veil and at its base. While the outer surface of the entire eggshell appears smooth, the inner face of the anterior appendage is highly and diversely sculptured. The eggs are deposited in batches of at least 15 and completely surrounded by viscous secretion. This substance does not encroach on the anterior appendage. The major function of this appendage may lie in the protection of the aeropyles and particularly in preventing their being clogged by the viscous material.....
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