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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Gaskin, Pamela S.; Walker, Susan P.; Forrester, Terrence E.; Grantham-McGregor, Sally M.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Medicine Research Institute
Article Title
Early linear growth retardation and later blood pressure
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
Refereed
Date of Publication
2000
Volume ID
54
Issue ID
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Page(s)
563-67
Language
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Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
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ISSN
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Notes
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Abstract
Examines the effects of stunting in early childhood on blood pressure in later childhood in a cohort study of children in Kingston, Jamaica. The cohort was made up of seven to eight year old children as follows: 120 stunted (height for age <-2 s.d. of the NCHS references) and 224 non- stunted (height for age >-1 s.d. of the NCHS references) at age 9-24 months. Stunted and non-stunted children were identified at age 9-24 months by house to-house survey of poor neighbourhoods in Kingston, Jamaica. Blood pressure and anthropometry were measured at age 7-8 y. Birth weight was obtained from hospital records (73%) or maternal recall. The stunted children remained shorter and thinner than the non-stunted ones. In multiple regression analysis adjusting for size and pulse rate, the stunted children had higher systolic blood pressure (P<0.05). Birth weight was not a significant predictor of systolic blood pressure. Stunting in early childhood may increase the risk of elevated systolic blood pressure in later life.....
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