View
Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Grantham-McGregor, Sally M.; Walker, Susan P.; Chang, Susan M.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Medicine Research Institute
Article Title
Nutritional deficiencies and later behavioural development
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Journal Title
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Translated Title
n/a
Reprint Status
Refereed
Date of Publication
2000
Volume ID
59
Issue ID
n/a
Page(s)
47-54
Language
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Location/URL
n/a
ISSN
n/a
Notes
n/a
Abstract
Reviews the literature on the long-term effects of nutritional deficiencies in early life. The severity and duration of the deficiency, the stage of the children's development, the biological condition of the children and the socio-cultural context may all modify the effect. There is substantial evidence that reduced breast-feeding, small-for- gestational-age birth weight, Fe and I deficiency, and protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) are associated with long-term deficits in cognition and school achievement. However, all these conditions are associated with poverty and poor health, which may account for the association. It is difficult to establish that the long-term relationship is causal, as it requires a randomized treatment trial with long-term follow-up. Such studies are only available for I deficiency in utero and early childhood PEM. Results from these studies indicate that I deficiency has a long-term effect and PEM probably has a long-term effect.....
read more