Stookey, Jodi D.; Zhai, F; Zohoori, Namvar; Popkin, B. M.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Tropical Medicine Research Institute
Nutrition of elderly people in China
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutririon
Date of Publication
Cross-sectional data from the 1991 (n = 1657) and 1993 (n = 1773) China Health and Nutrition Surveys were used to describe patterns in the diets, activity levels and body mass index (BMI) of elderly Chinese (aged 60 or older). In 1991 and 1993, the prevalence of low BMI (BMI , 18.5 or BMI < 22.0) exceeded 15%, while the prevalence of high BMI (BMI > 25,0 or BMI > 27.0) ranged between 4% and 24%. The BMI was consistently, positively and significantly associated with urban residence. Urban residence and income were consistently and positively associated with energy from fat and protein intakes, and decreasing physical activity levels. The results suggest that under-and overnutrition coexist among Chinese elders and are differentially distributed across income and urban/rural strata.....