Arimah, Benedict C.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Geography and Geology
Poverty and social development in Africa
Building and sustaining the capacity for social reforms
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The main purpose of this study is to investigate in a systematic manner the link between poverty and social development using cross-national data drawn from 54 African countries. In order to achieve this, the paper has two objectives. The first is to provide poverty profiles for these countries using at least two sets of such measures. The first set is a series of poverty lines based on income, while the second is a composite measure to be derived from an amalgam of socio-economic indicators. This will enable the determination of the extent of poverty among African countries and group these countries on the basis of their poverty profiles. Such an undertaking will also show if there are any discernible differences when poverty is defined on the basis of income on the one hand, and when defined on the basis of composite measures derived from and amalgam of socio-economic indicators, on the other. The second objective of the chapter is to account for variations in the extant levels of poverty among African countries, while paying specific attention to various aspects of social development.....