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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Robinson, Dwight E.; Mansingh, Ajai; Dasgupta, Tara P
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Life Sciences
Article Title
Fate and transport of ethoprophos in the Jamaican environment
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
Science of the Total Environment
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
n/a
Date of Publication
1999
Volume ID
237-238
Issue ID
1-3
Page(s)
373-78
Language
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Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
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ISSN
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Notes
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Abstract
The hydrolytic half lives of ethoprophos in distilled, river, brackish and open sea water were 25, 133, 65 and 81 days, respectively. Under laboratory conditions, volatilisation of the residues after 12 h was 1.4-3.6, 2.3-4.5 and 6.5-20.2% from a sandy loam soil with 1, 10 and 20% moisture levels, respectively. Photolysis in soil was significantly faster (P < 0.05) in direct sunlight (T1/2 of 4.7 days) than in the shade (T1/2 of 12.3 days). The microbial degradation of ethoprophos was more than two-fold faster in unsterile soil (T1/2 of 10.9 days) than in sterile soil (T1/2 of 28.8 days). The runoff of ethoprophos from unweeded plantation soil at 23 degree slope was significantly (P = 0.015) less than at 38 degree slope; the amounts lost after 9 weeks and 27.5 mm of rainfall were 89.4 and 91.2%, respectively, of the applied amount from the two respective slopes. In the weeded plots, 93.6 and 92.4% of the applied insecticide were lost from 23 degree and 38 degree slopes, respectively. Under laboratory conditions, between 67.0 and 85.1% of ethoprophos leached through the soil columns. Under field conditions, after 9 weeks and 25 mm of rainfall, only 2.8 and 2.0% residues were recovered at a depth of 10-15 cm from unweeded and weeded slopes, respectively at 23 degree slope, and 2.2 and 1.9% from the two respective plots at 38 degree slope.....
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