Bailey, Wilma R.; Branche, Clement; Henry-Lee, Aldrie
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Geography and Geology
Gender relations and conflict managment in inner-city communities in Jamaica: The importance of community participation
Pugh, Jonathan; Potter, Robert, B.
Participatory planning in the Caribbean: Lessons from practice
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Also published by Ashgate in Burlington, Vermont, USA.
Describes an attempt to promote peaceful means of resolving conflict in three low - income communities in the Kingston Metropolitan Area in Jamaica: those of Maverly, Drewsland and Southside. It arose out of the fact that in the context of a difficult urban economic and institutional decay, violence had become a part of the accepted logic. Community workers or 'change agents' were given basic conflict resolution skills and were trained to work with individuals who felt that they could benefit from the intervention. The change agents worked in communities where disputes were of an interpersonal nature involving people who have close relationships; where the activities of criminal gangs and political factions frequently erupted into street violence. Moreover, because of entrenched social identities, conflicts spilled over community boundaries to engulf the wider urban society. In this situation, the conflict resolution strategy adopted proved to be too individualistic and interpersonal. What was needed was a programme of community mediation in which the impartial change agents were given the tools to intervene in conflicts, allowing participants to air their grievances, and assist in the negotiation of agreement. (AU)....