Bahado-Singh, P.S.; Wheatley, Andrew O.; St. A Morrison, E.Y.; Ahmad, I.; Asemota, Helen N.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Basic Medical Sciences
Investigation of the Effect of Food Processing on Glycaemic Indicies of Some Jamaican Foods: A Proactive Approach to Management Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Abstracts]
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
53 Suppl. 1
Introduction: Caribbean countries in the past decade have seen a dramatic increase in diabetic cases. In Latin America and the Caribbean it is estimated that the number of people with diabetes mellitus will reach the 35 million mark by 2005. The increased prevalence of the disease among adults is also reflected in figures from from Jamaica (17.9 in 1995) and Barbados (16.4% in 1993). This can be attributed to the rapid cultural and social changes as well as increasing urbanisation. Studies have also revealed that Type 2 diabetes mellitus has increased in children and adolescents in the Caribbean and has been linked to an increasing sedentary lifestyle giving rising to an an obesity epidemic among this age group. Those affected by this disease suffers physiological, epidemicological and neuropathological disorders. However, dietary management and exercise have proven to prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. this directlty relates to the carbohydrates and their glycaemic indices. The Glycaemic Index (GI) of foods is the measure of the power of foods (specifically the carbohydrates) to raise blood glucose concentration imediately after consumption. Studies have shown that equal exchanges of carbohydrates do not elicit similar glycaemic reponse since the amount of fibre and other nutritional factors affect GI. Collectively these findings suggest that GI influences insulin sensitivity.....