Hyatt, S.; Morgan, Kai A.; Hylton-Kong, T.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Community Health and Psychiatry
A Comparative Study between Individual and Group Psychotherapy in Alleviating Depression in Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in Jamaica [Abstract]
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
53 Suppl. 5
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effects of psychotherapy, without the aid of medication, in reducing the presence of depression in persons living with HIV/AID (PLWHA). Further,it seeks to determine whether group or individual psychotherapy is more effective in achieving this goal. Method: The study used 35 individuals, all living with HIV/AIDS, who were divided into two experimental groups of 12 in each group, along with 11 diffferent individuals, who made up a third group, who were all exposed to the same cognitive bahavioural therapy, in order to totally or partially ameliorate their depression. The level of depression in each individual was measured using the Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), at baseline, and gain every 4 weeks for 20 weeeks. Each participant was also given the World Health Organization (WHO) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) - Brief, at baseline, and again at each wave, to determine if the individual's perception of the quality of his/her life has any significant impact on the level of depression experienced.....