Campbell-Stennett, D.S.; McCaw-Binns, Affette M.; Eldemire-Shearer, Denise A.; Holder-Nevins, Desmalee
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Community Health and Psychiatry
Are Women Ready to do a HIV test? A Theory at Work [Abstract]
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
Objective: The study sought to identify factors that influence the readiness of women to engage in the Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) for HIV disease in Westmoreland, using the trans-theoretical model of behaviour change (TTM). Design and Methods: An interview-assisted questionnaire was administered to 372 pregnant and non-pregnant respondents from urban and rural Westmoreland who sought care at four randomly slected public health facilities. The TTM suggest that behaviour change moves through five stages from pre-contemplation, conytemplation, preparation and action to maintenance. The TTM was used to evaluate readiness for HIV testing. Conclusion: Interventions are needed to target non-pregnant women especially tenageers, women over 25 years and women in unions. Many women do not maintain the bahaviour as they do not recognize its importance in the absence of pregnancy. Integrating testing services into all aspects of primary care (eg family planning, curative care), establishing testing protocols and marketing to at risk groups will increse VCT uptake and contribute to controlling this epidemic.....