MacGillivray, I; McCaw-Binns, Affette M.; Ashley, Deanna E.; Fedrick, A.; Golding, J.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Community Health and Psychiatry
Strategies to Prevent Eclampsia in a Developing Country: II. Use of a Maternal Pictorial Card
International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Date of Publication
Objective: To assess the efficacy and acceptability of a patient-held pictorial card aimed at raising awareness and appropriate health seeking behavior in response to prodromal symptoms of imminent eclampsia. Method: Pictorial cards (and posters) were issued to antenatal clinics and used to focus instruction and advice to pregnant women. Mothers were surveyed before and after the cards were introduced to assess maternal likelihood of seeking care if edema was seen, and of attending hospital if so advised. We monitored the eclampsia rate. Health workers were interviewed 6 months after cards and posters were issued to determine the acceptability of using the cards as part of routine antenatal care. Results: The card was seen as widely acceptable by health professionals, and increased their own awareness of the prodromal symptoms of eclampsia and their discussion of these symptoms with antenatal mothers. Mothers' awareness and response to symptoms improved significantly and there was a marked drop in eclampsia incidence. Suggested improvements to the card were made by mothers and health workers. Conclusion: The cost of providing a card for every pregnant mother is likely to be offset by health service delivery savings.....