Barton, Everard N. ; Sargeant, Lincoln A. ; Samuels, D. ; Smith, R. ; James, J. ; Wilson, R. ; Smith, F. ; Falconer, H. ; Yeates, Curtis B.; Smikle, Monica ; Gilbert, David T.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Medicine
A Survey of Chronic Renal Failure in Jamaica
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
The prevalence of chronic renal failure (CRF)/end stage renal disease and the accessibility of long term renal replacement therapy in Jamaica were evaluated. The study was conducted at six Jamaican healthcare facilities between July 1998 and December 1999 and included 605 patients with CRF. Men with CRF (57% of patients, mean age of 56.7 years) were significantly older than women (mean age 53.2 years). Hypertension was the most commonly associated medical condition (60.8% of patients) followed by diabetes mellitus (31.4% of patients). The estimated crude point prevalence of CRF in persons 20 years and over at the end of 1999 was 327 per million population. More than one-third of patients with CRF (39%) were receiving renal replacement therapy, the most common modality being haemodialysis, and only 1.8% of patients had received kidney transplantation. The prevalence of chronic renal failure was not increased in areas known to have high soil cadmium levels. Chronic renal failure is a significant public health problem in Jamaica and is placing an increasing financial burden on the healthcare sector.....