Crandon, Ivor W. ; Bruce, C. A. ; Harding, Hyacinth E.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Civilian Cranial Gunshot Wounds: A Jamaican Experience
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
Gunshot injuries are an escalating social and medical dilemma in many Western and some developing countries. Of 40 patients arriving at the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), Jamaica, from 1993 to 1998, with gunshot wounds of the head, 30 were admitted. Six of those admitted died within 24 hours, five with poor Glasgow Coma scores. Ten patients had surgery, two of whom died. Six complications occurred: two patients each developed an infection, cerebrospinal fluid fistula or seizures. All patients were victims of an assault and all had intracranial penetration, the most common sites of which were facial and frontal. Median hospital stay was eleven days. The Glasgow Coma Score on admission was a good prognostic indicator. Fourteen patients had associated injuries, four of which were in the neck. Surgery was considered inappropriate for moribund patients and those with inaccessible bone and bullet fragments. Young males were the most common victims of this devastating form of assault.....