Venugopal, R.; Ferron-Boothe, Doreen; Meeks-Aitken, Nicola; Carpenter, Reginald A.; Arscott, Guyan
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Epidemiology of Burns at the University Hospital of the West Indies [Abstract]
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
52 Suppl. 5
To improve burn care delivery, a review of the epidemiological features of burn patients needs to be analyzed. This was done by reviewing the age, gender, cause of burn, burn surface area, disposition and days in hospital of patients between August, 1998 and December, 2002. There was a total of 281 patients with a male to female ratio of 2:1:1 with the modal age group between 19 and 45 years. Accidents caused 79% of the injuries with flame burns, scalds, chemical burns and electrical burns accounting for 50%, 30%, 13% and 7% respectively. The majority of burns affected 0% to 10% of body surface area and 27.8% of patients were discharged within 3 days. The overall mortality rate was 7.5 % with a mortality rate for burns with 50% or greater being 77.8%. The general epidemilogical patterns are similar to rports in the world literature except for the frequency of chemical burns. Patients with short admission periods suggest that there may be a group of patients that may not require hospitalization. The mortality rate for major burns may be improved with better intensive care services as the majority of deaths occured in the first week. Better and more datailed docu-mentation of data needs to be instituted to improve our audit and research.....