Miller, Maolynne E. ; Williams, J. A.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Child Health
Chronic Renal Failure in Jamaican Children
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
In order to document the incidence, aetiology and outcome of chronic renal failure in Jamaican children, paediatric surgeons and hospital based paediatricians island-wide were contacted, and the nephrology records at the island's paediatric nephrology centres searched for data on children < 12-year-old with chronic renal failure diagnosed for the first time between January 1985 and December 2000. Thirty-four children were identified, 21 were male. The cumulative annual incidence of chronic renal failure was 3.2 per million children aged < 12 years. The incidence is likely underestimated, as some children may have been undiagnosed and/or not referred. Glomerulonephritis was the commonest cause of chronic renal failure (50%) followed by obstructive uropathy, reflux nephropathy, renal dysplasia and chronic pyelonephritis (41.2%). Five children (14.7%) had reflux nephropathy (post obstructive in four). Half the children were already in chronic renal failure at time of presentation. Mortality was 65%. In Jamaica, childhood chronic renal failure is due mainly to potentially treatable diseases. Local physicians should be more aware of potentially progressive renal diseases and their prevention. Earlier referral of difficult cases for nephrological consultation is recommended. A paediatric dialysis/transplant programme is needed.....