Riley, Cliff K. ; Wheatley , Andrew O. ; Hassan , Ishmael ; Ahmad , Mohammed H. ; Morrison , Errol Y.; Asemota, Helen N.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Biotechnology Centre; Department of Basic Medical Sciences
In vitro digestibility of raw starches extracted from five yam (dioscorea spp.) species grown in Jamaica
Date of Publication
Starch granules from Round leaf yellow yam, Negro yam, Sweet yam, Bitter yam and Chinese yam grown in Jamaica were isolated and characterized. The amylose content, granular size, crystallinity, and digestibility by -amylase were determined. The granules obtained were of three crystalline types. Round leaf yellow yam, Negro yam and Sweet yam were found to be type-B, while Chinese yam and Bitter yam were type-C and type-A, respectively. Round leaf yellow yam had the highest amylose content (26.5%) while Chinese yam had the lowest (11.1%). The granule size varied between 1-3 m for Chinese yam and 16-42 m for Round leaf yellow yam. Significant variations in digestibility of the granules were observed. Raw starches from Chinese yam and Bitter yam were the most susceptible to -amylase digestion (porcine pancreatic -amylase, pH 5.5, 0.02% CaCl2, 40°C, 24 h) with 21.27 ± 0.01% and 18.11 ± 0.02% degradation, respectively, while Round leaf yellow yam, Negro yam and Sweet yam starches were the least susceptible, with 13.74 ± 0.03%, 14.98 ± 0.08%, and 15.32 ± 0.04% enzymatic degradation, respectively.....