Wint, Yvonne B.; Duff, Edith M.; O'Connor, A.; McFarlane-Anderson, Norma; Bailey, Ellen Y.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
UWI School of Nursing
Knowledge and self-reported motivational factors in aqdults with diabetes Mellitus [Abstract]
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
53 Suppl. 1
Objective: To determine the extent of knowledge, and self-reported factors that motivate patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) to make lifestyle changes. Methods: A random sample (n = 133) of men (n = 35) and women (n = 98) with diabetes mellitus were selected from a population of 510 patients attending the Specialist Diabetes Clinic, The University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica. A pre-tested in depth interview schedule was administered and anthropometric and biochemical measurements done. Knowledge was scored on basic knowledge of diabetes mellitus, its control and complications. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Qualitative data were analyzed by sorting texts into related categories and describing the ideas of the subjects. Conclusion: The study indicated the need for structured educational programmes, particularly in group settings, with specific targeting of older patients with diabetes mellitus. Age, educational level, length of time since diagnosis, gender and reported motivational factors must be considered in planning interventions. Doctors and other healthcare providers need to increase their educational interaction with patients. The patients' reference to doctors as primary sources of information indicates the need for involvement of other members of health team in planning and implementing effective educational interventions.....