Mitchell, Sylvia A.; Ahmad, Mohammed H.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Establishment of ex situ and in vitro germplasm collections of important trees and medicinal plants of Jamaica
Jamaican journal of science and technology
Date of Publication
Much of the wealth of a country resides in its plant heritage. These plants can be used to produce food, flowers, spices, cosmetics, medicinals and/or nutraceuticals, and need to be conserved. This paper outlines research involved with establishing ex situ and in vitro germplasm collections of trees and medicinal plants important to Jamaica. An ex situ herbal garden was established with plants obtained from the wild; 53 were established and are being used as a source of ex-plants to establish the in vitro gene bank. Fourteen medicinal plants and live trees were initiated: Vervine (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis), Garlic (Allium sativum), Fever grass (Andropogon citratus), Peppermint (Satureja viminea), Black mint (Mentha viridis), Colic mint (Lippia alba), Bur-in-the-bag (Priva lappupacea), John Charles (Hyptis verticillata), Quako (Mikania micrantha), Leaf-of-life (Bryophyllum pinnatum), Jack-in-the-bush (Eupatorium odoratum), Guava (Psidium guajava), Jointer (Piper spp.), and Spanish Needle (Bidens cyanpiifolia), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Honduras Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), Jamaican Mahogany (Swietenia mahogoni), Spanish Cedar (Cedrela odorata) and Noni (Moringa citfifolia). Initiation and multiplication media were found for eleven of the medicinals and the five trees. Rooting media were found for seven of the medicinal plants.....