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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Saremi, Aramesh; Hanson, Robert L.; Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.; Williams, Desmond E. ; Knowler, William C.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Advanced Training and Research in Fertility Management
Article Title
Alcohol consumption predicts hypertension but not diabetes
Medium Designator
n/a
Connective Phrase
n/a
Journal Title
Journal of Studies on Alcohol
Translated Title
n/a
Reprint Status
n/a
Date of Publication
2004
Volume ID
65
Issue ID
2
Page(s)
184-90
Language
English
Connective Phrase
n/a
Location/URL
n/a
ISSN
0096-882X
Notes
Also available as an electronic-book published by Alcohol Research Documentation, Inc.; ISBN: B000829K5Q; March 1, 2004, 18 pages.
Abstract
Objective: This study examines the associations between alcohol consumption, Type 2 diabetes and hypertension in a Native American population. Methods: Data were collected in a population-based cross-sectional and prospective study conducted on 3,789 individuals aged > or = 20 years. Reported alcohol consumption was classified as never, occasional or < 1 a day, 1-2 drinks a day, > or = 3 drinks a day, and occasional heavy drinking. The prevalence and incidence of diabetes and hypertension by categories of alcohol intake were determined. Results: About 68% of men and 39% of women reported some degree of alcohol consumption. There was no association between alcohol consumption and prevalence or incidence of diabetes, but a positive, statistically significant association between blood pressure and alcohol consumption was found in both genders. After adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI) and diabetes in a proportional hazards model in men, moderate drinkers (occasional or < 1 drink a day and 1-2 drinks a day combined) had 1.24 (95% confidence interval: 0.98-1.57) and occasional heavy drinkers had 1.49 (1.02-2.17) times the incidence of hypertension as nondrinkers. The corresponding estimates of hypertension incidence for women were 1.53 (1.29-1.83) for moderate drinking and 1.38 (0.81-2.36) for occasional heavy drinking. As only 1% of participants reported > or = 3 drinks a day, this group was excluded from these analyses. Conclusions: Alcohol consumption did not affect the development of Type 2 diabetes, but it was associated with increased risk of hypertension, and this effect was independent of diabetes or BMI in both genders.....
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