Anderson, S. G.; Mbanya, J. C.; Heald, A.H.; Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.; Jackson, Maria D.; Balkau, B.; Sharma, S.; Forrester, Terrence E.; Wilks, Rainford.J.; Cruickshank , J.Kennedy
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Department of Community Health and Psychiatry
Relationship of Specific Dietary Patterns and Nutrient Intake with Glucose Intolerance and Diabetes in Populations of West African Origin [Abstract]
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
54 Suppl. 2
Presented at the Caribbean Health Research Council, Tobago.
Objective: Long-term dietary intake and physical activity influence risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here we report the first cross-sectional associations between nutient intake and glucose intolerance in three populations of African origin in different locations. Design and Method: Men and women aged 24-74 years from urban Cameroon (n = 1045), rural Cameroon (745), Jamaica (857) and African-Caribbeans from Manchester UK (258) had anthropometric measurements and standard 75g glucose tolerance test (GTT). Habitual dietary intake was estimated with a quantitative FFQ, developed specifically for each country. Conclusion: The results suggests independent effects of dietary factors on hyperglycaemia in these African Origin populations. Only when obesity became marked in the UK setting did macronutrient intake influence glycaemia, but these effects were clear across all sites together. Longitudinal data would provide further evidence for their casual roles.....