Haley, Michael P.; Clayton, Anthony
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Centre for Marine Sciences; University of the West Indies Centre for Environment and Development (UWICED)
The Role of NGOs in Environmental Policy Failures in a Developing Country: The Mismanagement of Jamaica's Coral Reefs
Date of Publication
Recent years have seen a proliferation of non-government organizations (NGOs) with a mission to help redress various social and environmental problems, but the effectiveness of these organizations in carrying out their stated goals is rarely assessed or critically examined. The authors argue that many of them are ineffective, and in some cases they may even exacerbate the problems they set out to solve. These points are illustrated by the case of Jamaica's coral reefs, which have been under stress for decades, and the work of the well-intentioned organizations and individuals that have been involved in the attempt to stem or reverse the damage, and significant funding has been channeled through these agencies. In spite of this, there has been no documented improvement in the condition of the reefs, apart from some natural regeneration that owed nothing whatever to any human activity. Solutions for alleviating the degradation in the Jamaican marine environment are also offered.....