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Publication Type
Book Chapter
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Linton, Dulcie M.; Smith, Robbie; Alcolado, Pedro; Hanson, Carl; Edwards, Peter; Estrada, Reynaldo; Fisher, Tatum ; Fernandez, Raul G.; Geraldes, Francisco; McCoy, Croy; Vaughan, Duncan; Voegell, Vincent; Warner, George F.; Wiener, Jean
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Centre for Marine Sciences
Title, Analytic
Status of coral reefs in the Northern Caribbean and Atlantic Node of the GCRMN
Medium Designator
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Connective Phrase
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Author, Monographic
Wilkinson, Clive R.
Author Role
Editor
Title, Monographic
Status of coral reefs of the world
Reprint Status
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Edition
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Place of Publication
Townsville, Australia
Publisher Name
Australian Marine Science
Date of Publication
2002
Volume ID
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Issue ID
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Page(s)
277-302
Series Editor
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Series Editor Role
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Series Title
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Series Volume Identification
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Series Issue Identification
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Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
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Notes
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Abstract
The general pattern is one of continued decline of coral reef resources, although the rate of decline may have slowed. The decline is particularly acute where island shelves are narrow and easily accessible, and where reefs are relatively close to high population areas. Some of the more isolated reefs of the Bahamas, Turks and Caicos and Cuba are still considered relatively healthy. Reefs of the Cayman Islands and Bermuda are generally healthy, although impacts are increasing, while reefs systems of the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica are highly impacted, with low coral cover on most shallow reefs. In most cases, the deterioration of the reefs is related to nutrients and sediment pollution from on-shore sources, such as sewage and agriculture (causing algae to over-grow reefs), disease, over fishing, anchor damage, destructive fishing (dynamite and bleach) and high diving/snorkeling pressures. All the countries are dependent on tourism to some extent to support their economies, but in countries such as the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Jamaica, where economic development is heavily dependent on the marine environment, the deterioration of the reef system is greater, due to rapid coastal development and resultant habitat destruction. The situation in these countries is exacerbated by high fishing pressure on coral reef fishes. Where legislation and effective management of marine resources are given fairly high priority (Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman), some of the negative stresses have been removed and reef systems appear more stable. However, where MPAs have not declared (Haiti) or where they remain little more than 'paper parks' (Cuba, Dominican Republic and Jamaica) coral reefs continued to be under stress.....
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