Henry-Lee, Aldrie; Bailey, Wilma R.; Branche, Clement
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies
Conflict, gender relations and the health of women in two low income communities In Jamaica
Arber, Sara; Khlat, Myriam
Social and economic patterning of health among women
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Also presented at the Seminar on Social and Economic Patterning of Health among Women. Tunis. January 17-20, 2000.
Examines the conflict, gender relations and health of women in two low income communities in Jamaica. To provide a contextual framework, crime and domestic violence were also examined at the macro-level. The national data showed that although most types of crime were on the decrease, violence against women did not reflect the same pattern. Primary data were also collected from 96 individuals in the two lower inner cities. The respondents were chosen by change agents, who were taught conflict resolution skills and were to transmit these skills to the respondents. Approximately 75 per cent of these 96 individuals were involved in conflict during the past three months. Women were more likely to be the recipients of physical abuse. The reasons for this abuse were discussed in five case studies involving domestic violence. This abuse however, has to be understood in relation to gender identities and relationships, and the struggles of status-deprived males who are trying to contend with the exigencies and limits of inner-city conditions. Whenever there is evidence of gender inequality and male marginalization, the health of women is likely to be negatively affected. Both national and community data indicate there are serious problems related to violence in Jamaica and the physical abuse of women.....