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Author, Analytic
University of the West Indies Centre for Environment and Development
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University of the West Indies Centre for Environment and Development
Section Title
The Growing Vulnerability of Small Island Developing States
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http:; www.un.org/special-rep/ohrlls/sid/sid2004/Univ.%20of%20W.Indies-Growing.pdf
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Notes
Draft prepared for The United Nations Development Programmme Capacity 21 Project, September 20, 2002
Abstract
Synthesizes earlier studies of the three types of vulnerability that pervade small island developing states (SIDS) - economic, social, and environmental. This triple handicap arises from the interplay of a wide variety of factors: their size, geographic dispersion (and, in many cases, remoteness); their vulnerability to natural disasters; the fragility of their ecosystems; their isolation from markets and their limited internal markets; migration (particularly of highly skilled citizens); their limited commodities and consequent dependence on imports; and their limited ability to reap the benefits of economies of scale. Though they share all these problems in varying degrees, the SIDS which now number 43 of the 191 Member States of the United Nations - are even more diverse culturally than most of the world’s countries; they range from Malta through Mauritius and are found in all geographic regions. This paper calls attention to the implications of vulnerability for governance and for trade regulation, as distinguished from the considerable body of existing work on the concept in its economic, social and environmental dimensions. The authors also present a series of recommendations for reinforcing the resilience of SIDS, including proposals for education and WTO negotiations.....
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